The "Kepler Prize" 2012: "NEW (NANO-)MATERIALS IN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY"
The second Kepler workshop is dedicated to the field "New (nano-)
materials in energy technology" and has taken place at the
premises of the EnMat II conference in Karlsruhe (Germany) on 13th, 14th
and 15th May 2013. Participants of the conference can attend at
the workshop without extra charge.). This workshop is organized in
cooperation with the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the
State of Baden-Württemberg (*).
The winning team of the Kepler Prize 2012 :Mónica Burriel, Ph.D. (Spain)
Marie Curie Intra European Fellow, Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London - England.
Emiliana Fabbri, Ph.D. (Italy)
Scientist, Paul Scherrer Institut, electrochemistry Laboratory, General energy Department, Villigen - Switzerland.
Dr. Redel Engelbert (Germany)
Guest-research scientist, Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsuhe - Germany.
Jennifer L.M. Rupp Ph.D. (France and Germany)
Chair of "electrochemical Materials", ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
Cecilia Solis, Ph.D. (Spain)
Postdoctoral position at the Instituto de Tecnología Química (CSIC-UPV), Valencia - Spain.
Workshop Project abstract :Part a: The proposed workshop that is intended to design, new photo-catalytic materials, photonic architectures and devices which are based on robust, cheap and abundant (nano)materials for energy related applications, which can efficiently harvest and trap sunlight energy to produce a high energy density and storable chemical fuel product. In this context a practical and solar-driven process can be designed, tat efficiently can convert carbon dioxide to energy-rich fuels (e.g. methane or methanol) using solar irradiance, comparable or even higher to the rates of CO2 photo-fixation in green plants in the range of several mmol g-1 h-1. On a longer perspective, CO2 activation and catalytic CO2 photo-fixation on a larger scale with newly developed and highly-active photocatalytic materials could potentially also have relevance for further industry-applications and would help to satisfy the global energy demand with the added advantage of helping to maintain carbon dioxide concentration in the troposphere at today’s steady state levels (396.18 ppm/April 2012). Additionally, detailed Ultra-High-Vacuum (UHV) experimental techniques, and surface-related characterization methods will be presented/discussed during the workshop program and which can be used to characterise basic mechanistic processes of molecular adsorbates on different photoactive surface/interfaces.
Part b: The increasing world population and the need to improve quality of life are the driving forces for the search for sustainable energy production systems or electronics operation at low power and a sustainable solution to CO2 emissions. The standard technologies based on fossil fuel combustion cannot satisfy the increasing energy demand. Thus there are basically two strategies to overcome for human demand in energy for electronics: increased green energy production or electronics operation at low power but increased functionality. As a matter of fact, research towards the development of alternative, highly efficient, eco-friendly energy conversion and storage technologies is exponentially expanding worldwide, especially after the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011. Current numbers reveal that just for stand-by of portable electronics in US a full nuclear plant is running. This justifies exploitation in research on alternative energy systems or electronics operating at lowered power. On the other hand, the reduction of of CO2 emissions by Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in fossil power plants requires the use of high temperature oxygen and hydrogen permeation membranes for Oxyfuel and Pre-Combustion strategies, respectively. This workshop will provide an international forum for the presentation and discussion of the latest developments on current materials issues for energy conversion devices and related topics. The workshop aims to bring together experts from various disciplines and sectors to discuss the role of energy science and create a joint vision on the future energy system. Main topics include high temperature solid oxide fuel cells, with a particular focus on issues for electrolyte and electrode materials; low temperature fuel cell drawbacks and the need to find a more stable and performing nanostructure electrode and electrocatalysts; and oxygen and hydrogen permeation membranes including different mixed electronic and oxygen ionic or protonic conductors and their integration in fossil power plants.