THE BLAISE PASCAL MEDAL 2005
Blaise Pascal Medal in Mathematics and Computational Science
Edmund Hlawka, AustriaEdmund Hlawka is a leading number theorist whose work has had a lasting influence on modern number theory and other branches of mathematics. He has contributed to diophantine approximation, the geometry of numbers, uniform distributions, analytic number theory, discrete geometry, convexity, numerical integration, inequalities, differential equations and gas dynamics. Of particular importance are his results in the geometry of numbers (especially the Minkowski-Hlawka theorem) and uniform distribution. He is a Member of Eurasc.
Blaise Pascal Medal in Earth Sciences
Khalid Aziz, USAProf. Aziz made seminal contributions to multiphase and single phase flow of oil, gas and their mixtures in pipes for the design of innovative oil and gas transportation and production systems, development and use of computer reservoir simulators for predicting performance of petroleum reservoirs, techniques for predicting productivity and injectivity of horizontal and other non-conventional wells, natural gas engineering and hydrocarbon fluid phase behaviour, etc. Currently, he is Otto N. Miller Professor of Earth Sciences, Stanford University, USA. He is a Member of Eurasc.
Blaise Pascal Medal in Physics and Chemistry
Isaak M. Khalatnikov, Russia
The investigations carried out by I.M. Khalatnikov in the field of cosmology and relativistic astrophysics are particularly noteworthy. The work on many years on the problem of singularity in the general relativity theory has brought about the discovery of a new type of oscillatory behaviour of relativistic cosmological models in the vicinity of the time singularity. This type of singularity has proved to be of a most general character and has promonted construction of the general cosmological solution of the Einstein equations with the time singularity. These results have been confirmed by the works of S. Hawkin and R. Penrose. This series of works also involves development of original qualitative methods of investigating the evolution of the Universe with dissipative processed taken into account and also the exact solution of the problem of stochastic properties of the evolution of homogeneous models of the Universe (chaos in cosmology). Dr. Khalatnikov is Director of the the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics. He is a Member of Eurasc.
Blaise Pascal Medal in Biomedical Sciences
Anthony S. Fauci, USA
Dr. Fauci has made seminal contributions to the understanding of how the AIDS virus destroys the body's defenses leading to its susceptibility to deadly infections. He also has delineated the mechanisms of induction of HIV expression by endogenous cytokines. Furthermore, he has been instrumental in developing strategies for the therapy and immune reconstitution of patients with this serious disease, as well as for a vaccine to prevent HIV infection. Dr. Fauci is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is Director of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases. He serves on the editorial boards of many scientific journals; as an editor of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine; and as author, coauthor, or editor of more than 1,000 scientific publications, including several textbooks. He is a Member of Eurasc
Blaise Pascal Medal in Engineering
Marie-Paule Pileni, France
Dr. Pileni is Professor of the University of P&M Curie, Paris, France. She made numerous fundamental contributions to nanotechnologies. Her group pioneered in the fabrication of nanocrystals in colloidal solutions that may have many fundamental industrial applications. In addition, she was the French citation laureate, the Institute of Scientific Information Award for most quoted French scientist between 1981 and 1998. She is a member of the European Academy of Science, the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and has a doctorate honoris causa from Chalmers University, Göteborg, Sweden. She is a officier « dans l'Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur » and « dans l'Ordre National du Mérite ».