European Academy of Sciences
Member Profile

Alberto Carpinteri

Prof.

Alberto Carpinteri
Year of Election
2009
Division
Engineering Division
Country
Italy
City
Torino
Institute
Chair of Structural Mechanics Politecnico di Torino
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EDUCATION Doctoral Degree in Nuclear Engineering cum Laude, University of Bologna, Bologna-Italy, 1976 Doctoral Degree in Mathematics cum Laude, University of Bologna, Bologna-Italy, 1981 CURRENT POSITIONS Professor and Chair of Solid and Structural Mechanics, Politecnico di Torino, Torino-Italy, 1986- Director – “A. Castigliano” Fracture Mechanics Laboratory, Politecnico di Torino, Torino-Italy, 1999- Head, Engineering Division, European Academy of Sciences, Bruxelles-Belgium, 2016-
PREVIOUS INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES President of the National Research Institute of Metrology (INRIM), Torino-Italy, 2011-2013 Member and Vice-president of the Board of Directors, National Research Institute of Metrology (INRIM), Torino-Italy, 2006-2011; Acting President, July-November 2009 Head of the Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Torino-Italy, 1989-1995 Founding Director – Post-graduate School of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Torino-Italy, 1990-2014 President, International Congress on Fracture (ICF), 2009-2013 President, European Structural Integrity Society (ESIS), 2002-2006 President, International Association of Fracture Mechanics for Concrete and Concrete Structures (IA-FraMCoS), 2004-2007 President, Italian Group of Fracture (IGF), 1998-2005 Member of the Congress Committee, International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM), 2004-2012 Member of the Executive Board, Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM), 2012-2014 FURTHER PREVIOUS POSITIONS Visiting Scientist, Lehigh University, Bethlehem-Pennsylvania, USA, 1982-1983 Visiting Professor, University of São Paulo, São Paulo-Brazil, July-August 2010 Assistant Professor of Solid and Structural Mechanics, University of Bologna, Bologna-Italy, 1980-1986 Researcher, Nuclear Power Plants Programme, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Bologna-Italy, 1978-1980 Engineer, Technical Office, Breda Fucine, Milano-Italy, 1977 COMMISSIONS OF TRUST Nominator, Japan Prize, 2016- Nominator, Global Energy Prize, 2015- Chair of the Awards Committee, International Congress on Fracture (ICF), 2013-2017 Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal “Meccanica” (Springer, IF=1.949, in three years the issues per year were brought from 6 to 12), 2012-2014 Member of the Editorial Board of fourteen international journals, among which: “Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics”, 1984-2013 “Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics”, 1995-2013 “Strength, Fracture and Complexity”, 2003- “Engineering Fracture Mechanics”, 2005- “Physical Mesomechanics”, 2005- “International Journal of Fracture”, 2006-2013 “Strain – An International Journal for Experimental Mechanics”, 2009- 2015 “Curved and Layered Structures”, 2016- Member of the Expert Panel for the Research Evaluation of the Department of Civil Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby-Denmark, 2007 Member of the Evaluation Committee for the attainment of the position of Full Professor at the following Universities: (1) Israel Institute of Technology (Technion), Haifa-Israel, 2011; (2) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-India, 2011; (3) University of Athens, Athens-Greece, 2012
FELLOWSHIPS Life Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences, Bruxelles-Belgium, 2009- Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Salzburg-Austria, 2012- Fellow of the Academia Europea, London-UK, 2013- Fellow of the International Academy of Engineering, Moscow-Russia, 2010- Fellow of the Turin Academy of Sciences (founded by G.L. Lagrange in 1783), Torino-Italy, 2005-; Member, 1995-2005 Member of the Istituto Lombardo – Accademia di Scienze e Lettere (founded by A. Volta in 1804), Milano-Italy, 2006- Member of the Bologna Academy of Sciences, Bologna-Italy, 2011- Member of the Accademia Teatina per le Scienze, Chieti-Italy, 2006- Life Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston-Virginia, USA, 1995-; Member, 1985-1995 Honorary Fellow of the International Congress on Fracture (ICF), Ottawa-Canada, 2009- Fellow of the European Structural Integrity Society (ESIS), Brno-Czech Republic, 2008- Fellow of the International Association on Fracture Mechanics for Concrete and Concrete Structures (IA-FraMCoS), Jeju-Korea, 2010- AWARDS Odone Belluzzi Prize for Structural Mechanics, University of Bologna, Bologna-Italy, 1976 Robert l'Hermite Medal, International Union of Laboratories for Materials and Structures (RILEM), Paris-France, 1982 Eminent Scientist Award, Wessex Institute of Technology (WIT), Southampton-UK, 2000 Griffith Medal for Fracture Mechanics, European Structural Integrity Society (ESIS), Brno-Czech Republic, 2008 Jerold L. Swedlow Memorial Lecture Award, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Philadelphia-Pennsylvania, USA, 2011 Inaugural Paul Paris Gold Medal, International Congress on Fracture (ICF), Beijing-China, 2013 Doctorate Honoris Causa in Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow-Russia, 2016 Frocht Award, Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM), Indianapolis-Indiana, USA, 2017 Honorary Professorship, Tianjin University, Tianjin-China, 2017 Founding Fellowship, Indian Structural Integrity Society (InSIS), Hyderabad-India, 2018
SUPERVISION OF POST-GRADUATE STUDENTS Supervisor of over 30 Ph.D. Students. Presently, most of them are taking University positions in Italy or abroad: Five Full Professors, six Associate Professors, five Assistant Professors, seven Post-doctoral Fellows, three are currently PhD Students, whereas the remaining are managers in public or private enterprises TEACHING ACTIVITIES European Coordinator of the “Innovative Learning and Training On Fracture” (ILTOF) Project, in the framework of the European Union Leonardo da Vinci Programme for Education and Culture (Total financial support = Euro 480,000), 2006-2008 Courses taught at the Politecnico di Torino since 1986: Structural Mechanics (Electrical Engineering, 14 credits), 1986-1987 Structural Mechanics (Mechanical Engineering, 14 credits), 1987-2001 Statics (Architecture, 8 credits), 1999-2000 Structural Mechanics (Civil Engineering, 10 credits), 2001-2002 Advanced Structural Mechanics (Civil Engineering, 10 credits), 2002-2010 Theory of Structures (Civil Engineering, 5 credits), 2004-2010 Fracture Mechanics (Civil Engineering, 5 credits), 2004-2010 Static and Dynamic Instability of Slender Structures (Civil Engineering, 6 credits), 2010- Fracture and Plasticity (Civil Engineering, 8 credits), 2010-
ORGANISATION OF MAJOR SCIENTIFIC EVENTS Organizer, International ESIS-RILEM-CEB Workshop on “Applications of Fracture Mechanics to Reinforced Concrete”, Torino-Italy, 1990 Organizer and Chairman of the Scientific Committee, IUTAM Symposium on “Size-Scale Effects in the Failure Mechanisms of Materials and Structures”, Torino-Italy, 1994 Organizer and Chairman of the Scientific Committee, 11th International Conference on Fracture (ICF11), Torino-Italy, 2005 (Record in the ICF history: 1041 official participants) Organizer and Chairman of the Scientific Committee, 6th International Conference on Fracture Mechanics for Concrete and Concrete Structures (FraMCoS-6), Catania-Italy, 2007 Organizer and Chairman, Mini-Symposium on “Cohesive Zone Models of Fracture and Failure”, 22nd International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Adelaide-Australia, 2008
SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS H-Index (Scopus) = 50 Total Citations (Scopus) = over 9000 Author of over 900 publications, of which more than 400 are papers appeared in Refereed International Journals, and 54 are authored or edited volumes, on the following research topics: fracture mechanics, fatigue crack growth, thermo-elasticity, seismic structures, reinforced concrete, structural monitoring, contact mechanics, fragmentation and comminution, drilling and wear, multi-layered and functionally-graded materials, nano-structured and hierarchical materials, acoustic, electromagnetic, and neutron emissions from fracture and earthquakes, buckling and snap-through in shallow roofing structures, tall buildings, seismic precursors, dynamics of macromolecular and protein structures Four single-authored books published by International Publishers: A. Carpinteri: Mechanical Damage and Crack Growth in Concrete: Plastic Collapse to Brittle Fracture, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht (1986), XIII + 234 A. Carpinteri: Structural Mechanics: A Unified Approach, Chapman & Hall, London (1997), XV + 761 A. Carpinteri: Structural Mechanics Fundamentals, CRC Press (Taylor & Francis), Boca Raton (2014), XIV + 498 A. Carpinteri: Advanced Structural Mechanics, CRC Press (Taylor & Francis), Boca Raton (2017), XIII + 531 RESEARH TOPICS AND CUTTING-EDGE RESULTS Different specific topics have been considered, always giving them a personal and original contribution. In some cases such a contribution resulted to be also innovative, anticipating even by years the trends in cutting-edge research. Among these peculiar aspects, it is significant to recall the following ones: (1) Application of Dimensional Analysis (Buckingham’s Theorem for physical similitude and scale modelling) to the scaling competition between plastic collapse and brittle fracture, which are failure mechanisms governed by generalized forces with different physical dimensions (2) Interpretation of brittle crack propagation and of stick-slip friction instability in the framework of Catastrophe Theory by René Thom (3) Application of Fractional Calculus to field and boundary equations of an elastic body deformable only over a fractal sub-set (4) Solution to the problem of propagation stability of cracks bridged by reinforcements and/or fibres based on rigorous conditions of equilibrium and compatibility (5) More recent papers deal with fundamental aspects, like the size effects on the friction coefficient and the criticality of rock slopes, the nonlinear and chaotic dynamic behaviour of cracked or damaged solids, the fatigue limit and threshold with the related scaling laws, the energy emissions from fracture phenomena and earthquakes
Research Institutions, in the following countries: Italy, Switzerland, Austria, France, Spain, Germany, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Hungary, Poland, Greece, Denmark, Russia, Portugal, Finland, Sweden, Serbia, Turkey, Czech Republic, Belgium, USA, Mexico, South Africa, India, Japan, Australia, China, Malaysia, Canada, Brazil, Korea Major presentations in the last few years: Plenary Lecture on “Fracture mechanics and complexity sciences”, 16th European Conference on Fracture, Alexandroupolis-Greece, 2006 Invited Lecture on “Asymptotic analysis in Elasticity: From the pioneering studies by Wieghardt until today”, Karl Wiegaardt and George Irwin Centenary Conference on Structural Integrity, Vienna-Austria, 2007 Introductory Lecture for the two following courses, International Centre for Mechanical Sciences (CISM), Udine-Italy: “Non-linear Fracture Mechanics Models”, 2008, and “Fractals and Fractional Calculus in Continuum Mechanics”, 1996 Introductory Lecture, Mini-Symposium on “Cohesive Zone Models of Fracture and Failure”, 22nd International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Adelaide-Australia, 2008 Keynote Lecture on “The mitigation of stress-singularities in linear elasticity”, 12th International Conference on Fracture, Ottawa-Canada, 2009 Opening Lecture on “Application of nonlinear fracture mechanics to the assessment of rotational capacity in reinforced concrete beams”, 51° Congresso Brasileiro do Concreto (IBRACON-51), Curitiba-Brazil, 2009 Plenary Lecture on “Energy emissions from fracture of concrete: Acoustic, electromagnetic, piezonuclear”, 7th International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures”, Jeju-Korea, 2010 Opening Lecture on “Evidence of piezonuclear fission reactions: Neutron emissions, microchemical analysis, geological transformations”, 9th Youth Symposium on Experimental Solid Mechanics, Trieste-Italy, 2010 Honorary Lecture on “Dimensional analysis and fractal modelling of fatigue crack growth”, ASTM Fracture and Fatigue Conference, Anaheim-California, USA, 2011 Closing Lecture on “Piezonuclear reactions produced by brittle fracture: From laboratory to planetary scale”, 19th European Conference on Fracture, Kazan-Russia, 2012 Opening Lecture on “Failure mode scaling transitions in reinforced concrete beams in flexure: Tensile, shearing, crushing”, 8th International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures, Toledo-Spain, 2013 Honorary Presidential Lecture on “Piezonuclear fission reactions due to fracture and earthquakes: From the chemical evolution of our planet to the so-called cold fusion”, 13th International Conference on Fracture, Beijing-China, 2013 Invited Lecture on “Piezonuclear fission reactions from fracture and turbulence: The chemical evolution in the planets of the Solar System”, European Academy of Sciences, Toulouse-France, 2013 Distinguished Lecture in Solid Mechanics on “Acoustic, electromagnetic, and neutron emissions from brittle fracture and earthquakes”, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena-California, USA, 2014 Invited Lecture on “Hydrogen embrittlement, microcracking, and piezonuclear fission reactions at the Ni and Pd electrodes of electrolysis “cold fusion” experiments”, 12th International Conference on Nanostructured Materials, Moscow-Russia, 2014 Invited Seminar on “Acoustic, electromagnetic, and neutron emissions from brittle fracture and earthquakes”, Perm State University, Perm-Russia, 2014 Keynote Lecture on “Opto-acoustic and neutron emissions from fracture and earthquakes”, Annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Costa Mesa-California, USA, 2015 Opening Lecture on “Static-kinematic duality in beams, plates, shells and its central role in the Finite Element Method”, International Conference on Shells, Plates, Beams, Bologna-Italy, 2015 Invited Lecture on “LENR induced by nanomechanics instabilities and vibrations: From the geochemical evolution of the planet to cold fusion”, Seminario ENEA sulle Reazioni Nucleari a Bassa Energia, Roma-Italy, 2016 Invited Lecture on “Nano-scale fracture phenomena and TeraHertz pressure waves as the fundamental reasons for geochemical evolution”, 14th International Conference on Fracture, Rhodes-Greece, 2017 Honorary Professorship Lecture on “Fracto-emissions as seismic precursors”, Tianjin University, Tianjin-China, 2017 Invited Lecture on “Size-scale transition from plastic collapse to brittle fracture”, Tianjin University, Tianjin-China, 2018 Opening Lecture on “Scaling and fractality in fatigue crack growth: Implications to Paris Law and Woehler’s Curve”, 2nd Structural Integrity Conference and Exhibition (InSIS), Hyderabad-India, 2018
In the last few years, the following research grants exceeding Euro 500,000 were coordinated as Project Leader: (1) Italian Ministry of Education, Research and University, “Process Development, Innovative Methods of Implementing and Design of Composite High-tech and Coating Ceramic Materials” (PROMOMAT), 2002-2005 (2) Italian Ministry of Education, Research and University, “Fracture Mechanics Advanced Applications to Ductility and Durability of Reinforced or Retro-fitted Structural Elements” (PRIN), 2010-2012 (3) Regione Piemonte, “Preservation, Safeguard and Valorization of Masonry Decorations in the Architectural Historical Heritage of Piedmont” (RE-FRESCOS), 2010-2013