European Academy of Sciences
Member Profile

Louis Legendre


Louis Legendre
Year of Election
Earth and Environmental Sciences Division
Country/Region of working/living
Sorbonne University (Villefranche Oceanography Laboratory)

Professor Louis Legendre – Summary Curriculum Vitae Professor emeritus, Sorbonne University (Paris, France) Professor emeritus, Laval University (Québec City, Canada) Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (Academy of Science) Villefranche Oceanography Laboratory (LOV) 181 Chemin du Lazaret, 06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer, France Phone: +33 4 93 76 38 36 or +33 6 73 39 76 30 (cell) Fax: +33 4 93 76 38 34 e-mail : Present. Louis Legendre is Professor emeritus at Sorbonne University (Paris, France), whose main campus is located in Paris, and which operates three marine stations including that located in Villefranche-sur-Mer where he works. He is also Professor emeritus at Laval University (Québec City, Canada) and an elected member of the European Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada (Academy of Science), Academia Europaea and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (foreign member). Degrees. After obtaining his first university degrees in liberal arts (B.A.) and sciences (B.Sc., zoology) at the University of Montreal in 1964 and 1967, respectively, Louis Legendre completed a doctorate in oceanography (Ph.D.) at Dalhousie University (Halifax, Canada) in 1971. Career. After two years of postdoctoral research at the Villefranche-sur-Mer Marine Station, France (1971-1973), Louis Legendre was hired as Faculty member by Laval University in 1973 (Full Professor in 1981). In 2000, he left Laval University to join the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), and was director of the Villefranche Oceanography Laboratory (Laboratoire d’océanographie de Villefranche, LOV) from 2001 through 2010. He joined the Pierre and Marie Curie University Paris 6 (now Sorbonne University) as professor in 2009. Research. Professor Legendre's fields and topics of research are biological oceanography and marine biogeochemistry, numerical ecology, Earth System Science and philosophy of science. His work is a blend of theoretical studies, laboratory research, and fieldwork. Over the course of his career, he conducted research in tropical, temperate and polar waters. He presented more than 550 public lectures and seminars, including 115 keynote and invited lectures, in more than 30 countries. Awards. Professor Legendre has received numerous prizes and honours, which include Albert 1st Medal, Oceanographic Institute (Foundation Albert 1st Prince of Monaco), Sustaining Fellow of the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), Knight in the Order of Saint Charles (Principality of Monaco), the International Ecology Institute Prize, the G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award (American Society of Limnology and Oceanography), Honorary Doctorate from the University of Liège (Belgium), the Québec Prize in Pure and Applied Sciences, and two awards from the Association anadienne-française pour l'avancement des sciences (Acfas) for Biological and Medical Sciences and for Environmental Sciences (the latter with Prof. Pierre Legendre), respectively. Mentoring. Professor Legendre has supervised 39 graduate students (22 Ph. D., 13 M. Sc.) and 22 postdoctoral fellows and Research associates, from 9 countries. Publications. Professor Louis Legendre has published more than 265 refereed papers, 9 full books, and 9 other book chapters. Examples of his publications follow. His h-index is 69. The different editions of his book Numerical Ecology (written with Prof. Pierre Legendre) have been cited more than 20,000 times.

Representative publications Refereed papers and chapters (10 out of more than 265) Legendre, Louis, Richard B. Rivkin & Nianzhi Jiao. 2017. Advanced experimental approaches to marine water-column biogeochemical processes. ICES J. Mar Sci. 75: 30–42, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx146. Legendre, Louis, Richard B. Rivkin, Markus G. Weinbauer, Lionel Guidi & Julia Uitz. 2015. The microbial carbon pump concept: potential biogeochemical significance in the globally changing ocean. Progr. Oceanogr. 134: 432-450 doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2015.01.008 Legendre, Louis & Nathalie Niquil. 2013. Large-scale regional comparisons of ecosystem processes: methods and approaches. J. Mar. Syst. 109-110: 4-21. Beaugrand, Gregory, Martin Edwards & Louis Legendre. 2010. Marine biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and carbon cycles. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 107: 10120-10124. Legendre, Louis & Richard B. Rivkin. 2005. Integrating functional biodiversity, food-web processes and biogeochemical carbon fluxes into a conceptual approach for modeling the upper ocean in a high-CO2 world. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C09S17, doi:10.1029/2004JC002530. Rivkin, Richard & Louis Legendre. 2001. Biogenic carbon cycling in the upper ocean: effects of microbial respiration. Science 291: 2398-2400. Rivkin, Richard B., Louis Legendre, et al. 1996. Vertical flux of biogenic carbon in the ocean: is there food web control? Science 272: 1163-1166. Legendre, Louis 1990. The significance of microalgal blooms for fisheries and for the export of particulate organic carbon in oceans. J. Plankton Res. 12: 681-699. Legendre, Louis & Serge Demers. 1984. Towards dynamic biological oceanography and limnology. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 41: 2-19. Legendre, Louis. 1981. Hydrodynamic control of marine phytoplankton production: the paradox of stability, 191-207. In: Ecohydrodynamics (J.C.J. Nihoul, Ed.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, xii + 359 p. Books (3 out of 7) Legendre, Pierre & Louis Legendre. 2012. Numerical Ecology, 3rd Ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, xvi + 990 p. Legendre, Louis. 2008. Scientific Research and Discovery: Process, Consequences and Practice. Electronic edition. In: Excellence in Ecology. Book 16 (Kinne, O., Ed.), International Ecology Institute, Oldendorf-Luhe, xv + 157 p. Legendre, Louis. 2004. Scientific Research and Discovery: Process, Consequences and Practice. In: Excellence in Ecology. Book 16 (Kinne, O., Ed.), International Ecology Institute, Oldendorf-Luhe, xxix + 235 p.